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Tehran Tourism Attraction - Tehran Tour - Tehran GuideTehran with an area of 1200 sq km is the center of Tehran Province which is situated at the foot of the Alborz Mountains. It is hot and dry in summer and cold in winter. The overage annual rainfall is 225 mm. Its elevation ranges from 1100 m in the south and 1700 m in the north. According to the 1992 census, the population is 6,620,461.

It is believed that Tehran began its development after the invasion of Rey by the Mongols in 617 AH (1220 AD.) But the development and the increase in population as storied since two centuries ago. Shah Tahmasb ordered, a rampart to be built around Tehran, and it was known as a city in 962 AH. (1554 AD.). It was selected as the Capital city for sometime

Tehran with an area of 1200 sq km is the center of Tehran Province which is situated at the foot of the Alborz Mountains. It is hot and dry in summer and cold in winter. The overage annual rainfall is 225 mm. Its elevation ranges from 1100 m in the south and 1700 m in the north. According to the 1992 census, the population is 6,620,461.

It is believed that Tehran began its development after the invasion of Rey by the Mongols in 617 AH (1220 AD.) But the development and the increase in population as storied since two centuries ago. Shah Tahmasb ordered, a rampart to be built around Tehran, and it was known as a city in 962 AH. (1554 AD.). It was selected as the Capital city for sometime; later in 1210 A.H (1795 A.D.) Agha Mohammad Khane Qajar officially announced it to be the Capital. Two years ago ceremonies were held in and out of the country on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of being the Capital. During the reign of Nasseroddin Shah (50 years), it extended greatly and its environs became habitable. Tehran Bazaar, Saraye Amir (commercial warehouse) and DarolFonun (Polytechnic Institution) were built during that period. In Pahlavi period, Tehran changed and developed more and the gates and ramparts were destroyed. After the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1978, Tehran developed more than before and the population increased day by day.

Here are some important attractions of Tehran:

        Archaeological Museum, Statue of Darius
        Azadi Tower
        Bazaar
        Golestan Palace
        Shamsolemareh palace
        Sourep Serkis Cathedral
        Toghrol tower

Archaeological Museum, Statue of Darius

The Archaeological Museum or "Iran Bastan", looks out on to a small square off Imam Khomeini Avenue, about one hundred meter from the Central Post Office. The displays were rearranged in 1971. Next to the "Treasury Relief" stands the stone-statue of Darius in a niche.

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It was made in Egypt and found at the entrance-building of his Palace in Susa. Unfortunately, the head is missing. This statue gives an impression of sculpture in the round, which once must have adorned the buildings on the Terrace of Persepolis, too. The king is wearing the Achaemenid court-dress with long, wide sleeves.  An inscription in Old Persian, Elamite and Babylonian is written on the folds on the left side of the dress. The girdles are as well as the folds on the right side and the base inscribed with Egyptian hieroglyphs. The long sides of the base show representations of the subject peoples in Egyptian style.

Azadi Tower

The capital's most conspicuous architectural landmark is the large marble Azadi Tower, constructed in 1971asagatewaytothecity. The monument, which is infact the symbol of Tehran, was designed by a young Iranian architect namely Hosain Amanat in an area of400 m. The main feature is an imposing archway, 21 meters high, reminiscent of the ancient royal palace at Ctesiphon, the seat of the pre-Islamic Sassanian dynasty.

Above the arch is a tower with tiled turrets inspired by the architecture of the Seljuqs and Safavids.

From the top, 45 meter above the ground, a magnificent view of Tehran and the surrounding countryside may be enjoyed. The monument houses a small archaeological museum at the basement.

Tehran Bazaar

In the previous century trade had been centered exclusively in the bazaars, in accordance with the Islamic tradition. Tehran's bazaar, probably the largest in Iran, still exists and is amaze of roofed streets stretching for miles. Arteries inside traditional bazaars converge at regular intervals, forming large vaulted chambers called timchehs where merchants gather to sell specialized wares. These central spaces are often covered by tiled domes, where every conceivable article, from copper-ware to Persian carpets, from jewelry to brocade, maybe bought at the hundreds of small shops and workshops on either side of the passageways and on timchehs.

Golestan Palace

Golestan Palace was built at the beginning of the 19th century as the residence of the Qajar sovereigns. The gardens are splendid, with flowerbeds, blue faience basins and marble-paved courtyards. The apartments are still used occasionally for official receptions, especially of foreign heads of State. We go up a magnificent marble staircase to the first floor where some of the rooms have been converted into a museum that can be visited. There is a great variety of exhibits, including porcelain, old carpets, miniatures and illuminated manuscripts, gifts from foreign sovereigns, amours, enameled tableware, ivories, etc. The chief attraction of this museum is the famous Peacock Throne at the very back of the large room. A magnificent ceremonial bed rather than a throne, it was and still is used in the coronation ceremony. The throne is studded with precious stones. It is of Indian manufacture, brought from Delhi in the 18th century by an Iranian expedition under Nader Shah (another tradition claims that it was manufactured at the beginning of the 19th century by order of Fath-Ali Shah, as a present for his favorite, Tavus Khanum -the lady with the peacock).

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Shamsolemareh palace

This palace is situated in the eastern side of the complex of Golestan palaces. The yard of this palace has been constructed by the decree of Nasseroddin Shah in 1864. Sharnsolemareh is a five-flat-construction whose fourth and fifth flat is as two separated towers. The first flat is specified to a verandah an entertaining hall and two chambers in either side. Meanwhile, the upper flats have been decorated differently.

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Sourep Serkis Cathedral

Concerning this church it should be mentioned in 1961the society of church lovers decided to have a new cathedral constructed. Therefore the bishop requested an endower to accept its expenses. In this way the caliphate council of the Armenian purchased a piece of land in Nejatollahi Street following which the construction started in 1964 and finally the cathedral was ready to use after six years. The architecture of this cathedral is the same as that of other traditional constructions of the Armenian having the bell on both sides of the dome and the niche in the eastern section; meanwhile there are three doors opening in the western part, two little doors under the middle. This cathedral is believed to be the largest one in Tehran or probably in Iran. 

· Toghrol Tower

This tower being of the most significant towers of Tehran has clay bricks in the middle while outwardly it has got heated bricks for decoration Toghrol tower has been constructed on a circular foundation whose diameter measures over 21meters and its height 20.5 meters. Having brick decorations on its front part it looks to have been contemporary 10 ajar dynasties.

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