Soltaniyeh is the brilliant capital of the Mongol kings at the beginning of the l4th century, 135 km. from Qazvin. Of its splendid past Soltaniyeh has preserved only a tradition of fine copper and steel-working and the large Mausoleum of Soltan Oljaitu Khodabandeh. This imposing tomb was originally intended as the burial place of the first Shiite imams and was completed in 1307. It dominates the entire surrounding plateau and testifies to the amazing skill of the Mongol architects of the period. It subsequently served as a model for mausoleums throughout the country.
An Armenian Church, known also by the name of St. Tadi, Qara kilisa that has been built on top of a hill in the hamelt (black church) near Chalderan in the township of Maku in the province of West Azerbaijan. The dome of the church resembles a pyramid with 12 buttresses and the eastern exterior has been decorated with black stone and that is one reason why the church is called Ghara Kelisa, meaning black church.
The ziggurat of Chogha Zanbil is the best-preserved and largest of all those discovered in early Asia. It was built of sun-dried brick and originally comprised five storey sand a chapel on the top storey. It was built in 1250 B.C. by the Elamite King Untash Gal for the Elamite deity "Inshushinak".
Shiraz Persepolis (The Gate of All Nations)It is known that the gate was built by Xerxes, the son of Darius, 11-0111 the inscription incised on its lateral stone in three languages of Elamite, Babylonian and Persian. In this inscription, the power of the empire, and the blessing of the god of Ahura Mazda are mentioned, and the gate itself is referred to as the Gate of All Nations.
Cyrus died in529 during a campaign on the frontier of the Oxus and was buried in his capital Pasargadae in Fars.Pasargadaeissome70km. North of Persepolis and is easily accessible by the asphalted Isfahan road. The site of Pasargadae is approached by a large alley, shaded by large trees that bears left and, after crossing the river Polvar, lead directly to the Tomb of Cyrus.
The largest lake of world with a surface area of around 371,000 square kilometers. It lies in the north of Iran in Mazandaran, Golestan and Gilan province and has a maximum depth of about 1025meters. The water of this lake is of two kinds, i.e. it is a fresh-water lake in northern portions whereas on Iran shore is saline. It is the settlement of more than five hundred plant and 850animal species that some of them are Salmon, perch, pike, sturgeon, Algae and herring. Also, one of very few seal species living in Caspian Sea. The wet Caspian littoral is ideal for growing rice and tea. Cotton and citrus fruits are also grown.The beautiful island of Ashuradeh is situated on the north east of gorgan bay.
Whether you are watching the sun set over the gulf, scrambling over the ruins of Portuguese castle at hormoz or just dropping down several gears to the ultra-relaxed pace at which this part of the world operates , you can’t escape the fact the Persian gulf offers a different experience to the rest of Iran. There is geographical contrast- the coast and islands of the gulf itself- but the major difference comes from the variety of people who live here.