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Iran Anthropology - People of IranIran has the population of about 70.5 people that is made up of numerous ethnic groups; in fact Iranians are of the people who are ethnically, religiously, and linguistically diverse. In the 7th century
Persians migrated from central Asia to Iran. They are the largest ethnic group of Iran who constitute of 51 % of Iran's population and speak varied Armenian, Turkic languages and Indo-Iranian.

They include tribal groups such as Bakhtiaris, Khamseh, Lurs, Qashqai, Gilaki (in Gilan province), mazandaran (in mazandaran province) and also have ethno-linguistic minority groups that the main ones are Azeris, Kurds, Arabs ,Baluchis, turkeman ,Armenians, Assyrians and Jews.
But Kurds and Lurs are only the two groups that both ethnically and linguistically related closely to the Persians.
The remainder of the population comprises small communities of Arabs, Armenians, Assyrians, Baluch, Georgians, Pashtuns, and others.
According to the CIA World Fact book and other Western sources, ethnicity/race in Iran breaks down as follows: Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%.
Major Ethnic Minority Groups

The Azerbaijanis are an ethnic group that likely drives from ancient iranic tribes and mainly found in the northwest provinces. They form the largest minority in Iran with aobut24% of population. In 11th century, the Turkic tribes (which Azeris are one of their groups) migrate into northwestern Iran and gradually made the maximum percent of habitants in east Azerbaijan province.

The Kurds reside mainly in a province in the northwest part of the country and south of western Azerbaijan province. The Kurds are Iranian origin and their language is from the family of Indo-European languages with several dialects such as Goorani (southern Kurdish) and Zaza (western Kurdish). Although the dialects of people in Sanandaj and Kermanshah are kormanji which is vastly different from the above stated ones. The most important Kurdish clans are mokri in the north of Kurdistan, Bani-Ardalan in the south and kalhor in the southernmost Kurdistan.


Arab tribes, whose presence in Iran stretches back 12 centuries scattered in an areas between the Arvandroud, Persian Gulf in the south and shush in the north. Their territory is located to the west of bakhtiyari territory. Bani-kaab is the largest and also most important of Arab tribes in Iran with numerous clans that inhabit Khorramshahr, Minoo Island, both sides of Karun River and around Ahvaz. Other tribes are Bani-lam, Bani-Saleh, Bani –Torof and etc.

2 % of Iranians are Baluchis that reside in a southeastern province and an area between Iran and Pakistan that known as sistan & Baluchistan. Baluchistan is a dry region that is stretched from Kerman deserts to bam and Beshagard Mountains and to the western borderline of Sind and Punjab province in Pakistan.
Historically, the Baluchis were nomads that never had a centralized government and lived under a tribal system, and then in the 11th century, they moved from Kerman to makran.
The Baluchis speak Baluchi which is a west Iranian language of indo-European family of language. Baluchis have two branches of sorhadi which are in north and makrani in the south that are divided into a number of clans that the most important of them are Bameri, Balideh, Bozorgzadeh, riggi, Sardaar Zaie, Shahbakhsh and etc.

Our Popular Iran Tour Packages

  • Visiting the world’s first Christian country, along with one the most ancient civilizations appeals to many travelers, not to mention the historical & cultural ties between Iran and Armenia. Travelling in Iran and Armenia, you will get to know their cultures and traditions see historical monuments and learn how they have influenced each other throughout the millennia. In this tour, we have combined the better of the two worlds. From the poets of Shiraz and mosques of Isfahan to Cathedrals and museums of Armenia, they are all included in this itinerary.

    Tehran  Travel by Plane  Mashhad  Travel by Car  Shahrud  Travel by Car  Damghan  Travel by Car  Qazvin  Travel by Car  Zanjan  Travel by Car  Tabriz  Travel by Car  Kandovan

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  • Iran’s religious sites don’t just appeal to the followers of Shiite Islam; the mixture of art, architecture and culture attracts visitors from all walks of life. Adding a visit to these holy shrines to your current itinerary familiarizes you with a more traditional and religious way of Iranian life and the post Islamic architecture will simply take your breath away. These tours can be arranged for the following cities

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  • These villages have such a beautiful diversity that will make your trip to Iran a very memorable one. Most of these villages are registered by UNESCO and other UN organizations. The picturesque Abyaneh village has a new experience to offer its visitors. During this tour, you will also visit Bavanat, which has become an unofficial center of Iran’s eco-tourism.

    Tehran  Travel by Plane  Mashhad  Travel by Car  Shahrud  Travel by Car  Damghan  Travel by Car  Qazvin  Travel by Car  Zanjan  Travel by Car  Tabriz  Travel by Car  Kandovan

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  • Bavanat Qashqai Tour Iran Nomads

    Tehran > Isfahan > Shahrekord > Shiraz
    Trip Style:
    Nomad Tour | Duration: 9 Days Tour

    1st day: we will greet you at airport and check into hotel .O/N Tehran 2nd day: today you will be collected from hotel for acity tour visiting archaeological, glass, carpet museum in evening fot t Isfahan O/N Isfahan 3rd day: Daylong city tour of Isfahan

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  • It seems that Iran’s attractions appeal greatly to our German guests, from the ancient tombs of Western Iran to Persepolis in Shiraz, beautiful and one of a kind mosques of Isfahan, all the way to the deserts of Yazd and Tehran’s cosmopolitan night life.

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  • Iran, apart from all its historical and cultural highlights, is a country with a great diversity in natural attractions such as Spa resorts.

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  • We have designed this tour with a touch of eco-tourism for those of our guests who would like to experience the country life as well as the main tourist attractions of Iran. On this tour you will visit Tehran, Shiraz, Isfahan, Yazd. Bavanat eco-tourism center is the icing on the cake where you will be hosted/catered for/shown around by a family rather than the usual hotel chains. Every member of the host family will act as your travel agent.

    Tehran  Travel by Plane  Shiraz  Travel by Car  Persepolise - Bavanat  Travel by Car  Yazd  Travel by Car  Isfahan  Travel by Plane  Tehran

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  • Desert Tours in Iran is one of the popular Iran Tours which allows the tourists to browse the scenery of the sand dunes and salt marshes of the country.

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