info@incredibleiran.com +98 998 128 1126
5 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 5.00

Iran GeomorphologyIran consists of rugged, mountainous rims surrounding high interior basins. The main mountain chain is the Zagros Mountains, a series of parallel ridges interspersed with plains that bisect the country from northwest to southeast. Many peaks in the Zagros exceed 3,000 meters above sea level, and in the south-central region of the country there are at least five peaks that are over 4,000 meters. As the Zagros continue into southeastern Iran, the average elevation of the peaks declines dramatically to under 1,500 meters.

Rimming the Caspian Sea littoral is another chain of mountains, the narrow but high Alborz Mountains. Volcanic Mount Damavand (5,600 meters), located in the center of the Alborz, is not only the country's highest peak but also the highest mountain on the Eurasian landmass west of the Hindu Kush. 

The center of Iran consists of several closed basins that collectively are referred to as the Central Plateau. The average elevation of this plateau is about 900 meters, but several of the mountains that tower over the plateau exceed 3,000 meters. The eastern part of the plateau is covered by two salt deserts, the Dasht-e Kavir and the Dasht-e Lut. Except for some scattered oases, these deserts are uninhabited. 

Iran has only two expanses of lowlands: the Khuzestan plain in the southwest and the Caspian Sea coastal plain in the north. The former is a roughly triangular-shaped extension of the Mesopotamia plain and averages about 160 kilometers in width. It extends for about 120 kilometers inland, barely rising a few meters above sea level, then meets abruptly with the first foothills of the Zagros. Much of the Khuzestan plain is covered with marshes. The Caspian plain is both longer and narrower. It extends for some 640 kilometers along the Caspian shore, but its widest point is less than 50 kilometers, while at some places less than 2 kilometers separate the shore from the Alborz foothills. The Persian Gulf coast south of Khuzestan and the Gulf of Oman coast have no real plains because the Zagros in these areas come right down to the shore. 

There are no major rivers in the country. Of the small rivers and streams, the only one that is navigable is the Karun, which shallow- draft boats can negotiate from Khorramshahr to Ahvaz, a distance of about 180 kilometers. Several other permanent rivers and streams also drain into the Persian Gulf, while a number of small rivers that originate in the northwestern Zagros or Alborz drain into the Caspian Sea. On the Central Plateau, numerous rivers, most of which have dry beds for the greater part of the year, form from snow melting in the mountains during the spring and flow through permanent channels, draining eventually into salt lakes that also tend to dry up during the summer months. There is a permanent salt lake, Lake Uremia, in the northwest, whose brine content is too high to support fish or most other forms of aquatic life. There are also several connected salt lakes along the Iran-Afghanistan border in the province of Baluchestan va Sistan.

http://www.1uptravel.com/geography/iran.html

Our Popular Iran Tour Packages

  • The relationship between Iran and India is one of the oldest and strongest in the modern history. The existence of several empires spanning both Persia and India ensured the constant migration of people between the two regions and the spread and evolution of the Indo-Iranian language groups.

    Read More
  • Probably no country in the world is more mischaracterized in Western eyes than Iran, it's easy to forget that behind all of the politics, ordinary folks are living their ordinary lives not all that different from anywhere else.

    Shiraz Travel by Car Bavanat Travel by Car Yazd Travel by Car Isfahan Travek by Plane Tehran

    Read More
  • Although you are interested in visiting old Persia, you do not have that much time? This 5-day tour is designed for you. You can visit Tehran the capital of Iran and also two famous metropolises of this country -Isfahan and Shiraz - in only 5 days plus 6 UNESCO World Heritages and many other attractions.

    Tehran Travel by Plane Isfahan Travel by Car Shiraz

    Read More
  • Going around Iran from Tehran in the North to the west of Iran in Ahwaz (oil capital) and continue your route from Shiraz and southern roads to south-east then go to the center of Iran and continue your travel in the heart of Iran and going back again to Tehran airport, you will experience a tour in the points of the compass of Ancient Persia only in 11 days.  

    Tehran Travel by Plane Ahwaz Travel by Car Shiraz Travel by Car Yazd via Meymand Travel by Car Isfahan Travel by Car Kashan via Abyaneh

    Read More
load more hold SHIFT key to load all load all