The food of Iran, far more than simply the fuel of empires, forms part of a rich cultural experience that has been evolving since Achaemenid times. The tradition of food incorporates medicinal and philosophical perspectives that are as valid today as they were 2000 years ago.
Food is used to honor guests, see in new years and celebrate various social milestones.
The Persian philosophy of food also dictates that to maintain a balanced diet: “hot” and “cold” foods be eaten together. E.g. if you drink Dugh (a drink made from churned sour milk or yogurt and mixed with water) with your fish meal, so, according to this philosophy, you have constituted a risky proposition for yourself; because both are cold. The hot and cold philosophy dates from the Achaemenid era but it is still widely adhered to.
Yogurt, cheese, radishes and fresh green herbs are all “cold” and are common on Iranian tables as salt and pepper is in the west. They act as a balance to the ever- present meats and any sweet desserts, which are both “hot”.
Iran food & Drink
Nowadays you can find a vast range of cuisines in Iran, as in most countries of the world.
There are many varied traditional and national Iranian dishes such as :
(steamed rice with grilled lamb)
Chelo-kabab is normally eaten with grilled tomatoes and herbs such as mint with the red powder of sumach sprinkled on the rice the powder is nourished and adds taste to the dish;
(a soup of lamb, cereals. spices, and potatoes dried peas and beans, with dried lime to give it as lightly sour taste); this dish is particularly popular in East and West Azerbaijan, and Ardebil province.
(a kind of sauce or stew which is commonly cooked with different ingredients and served with rice)
There are many kinds of Khoresht such as the ghrormeh sabzi which is made with shredded onions and herbs with pieces of lamb and certain spices;
(poultry. especially goose or duck, ground walnut, pomegranate syrup, sugar and spice)
(a mixture of meat, vegetables and other materials wrapped in the fresh leaves of grapevine)
(with all sorts of cereal, vegetables and herbs, sometimes with meat added).
There are many types of Aash depending on the region, of Iran you country: sholleh Ghalamkar, reshteh (noodles), kashk, etc.
Most provinces have their own special dishes.
Also pizzas and fast foods can be found anywhere.
Rice and bread are the stable foods of the Iranians which they eat with meat and vegetable dishes along with herbs and yogurt.
Iran has a wide range of bread types and Iranian breads are some of the tastiest any where in the world. In Iran bread is commonly purchased fresh out of the hearth. Different kinds of Iranian breads are Sangak, Lavash, Taftoon, and Barbary.
But of course European types of bread such as the French baguette, and the English white slices are also available in Iran.
Iranians also make a wide range of sweet sand confectionery in most of which they put pieces of almonds, pistachios and hazelnuts as well as dried fruits.
Yazd, Kerman and Tabriz are well known for their sweets. The sohan of Qom and Isfahan, and kolooches of Gilan are well known throughout Iran and are very much relished. Iranians also prepare Many types of sherbets or sweet drinks. As beverage there is always Cola, Pepsi, and non alcoholic beer available.One of the common traditional Iranian beverages is Doogh (yogurt drink), which is used with fragrant vegetables in all parts of Iran, especially in the summer.
Black Tea is very popular drink in Iran and in other words it is the national drink of Iran which is served with crystallized or cubed sugar (Called “ghand” in Iran).
Also, there are a wide variety of fruit juices and drinks such as cherry cordial and banana milkshakes in Iran.
Caviar of Iran, which is obtained from sturgeon fish in the Caspian Sea, has a worldwide reputation and is tonic. Different kinds of food are cooked in northern and southern parts of Iran with fish.
The shrimp of the Persian Gulf is amongst the best in the world and due to its quality, varieties of foods are cooked with it. Bread baking in Iran is done in different ways.