Years and years, people of all around the world celebrate winter solstice (shortest day of the year and its longest night). In Iran we call this night Yalda.
Why we celebrate Yalda night:
It is the longest night in year and it means from now on the days will be longer and the darkness will be shorter. In ancient Persia (now Iran) this night regarded as the birth night of the Sun.
According to World Bank Group (http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/iran/overview) Iran is the second largest economy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, and also the second largest population of this region.
Iran is known as the second country in the world in natural gas reserves and fourth in proven crude oil reserves.
For years this country was involved with strict sanction but after agreement on the Iranian nuclear program in Vienna on 14 July 2015, the government is now so ambitious for expanding its economic relationships with other countries. This country is now focusing on the development of its economy and progress in science and technology.
Finally, Western sanctions against Iran have been officially lifted. Iran President – Hassan Rouhani - congratulated Iranian people:
"Implementation Day-I thank God for this blessing & bow to the greatness of the patient nation of Iran. Congrats on this glorious victory!"
Meymand is a very ancient village which is located near Shahr-e Babak city in Kerman Province. This village is approximately 12000 years old and dates back to when human residence was started in the Iranian Plateau. Many of its residents live in the 350 hand-dug houses amid the rocks, some of which have been inhabited for as long as 3,000 years. A lot of stone carvings dating back to thousands of years ago have been found in and around this ancient village.
The village is a UNESCO world heritage site and was awarded UNESCO's 2005 Melina Mercouri prize.