Iran's Highest Peaks: A Comprehensive Guide

Iran is the ideal land for tourists with various tastes. Both city tourists, history enthusiasts, desert trekkers, forest hikers, valley explorers, and mountain climbers can have trips suitable for their nature in different cities of Iran. If you are also into mountain climbing and want to know the highest peaks in Iran, join us.
What is the height and significance of Mount Damavand?

Mount Damavand, standing at approximately 5,610 meters (18,406 feet), is not only the highest peak in Iran but also the highest volcano in Asia. It’s a significant natural and national symbol in Persian folklore and literature, representing resistance and endurance.

Alam-Kuh, at about 4,850 meters (15,912 feet), is the second-highest peak in Iran, located in the Alborz mountain range. It is known for its challenging climbs and beautiful, rugged landscapes. It offers several routes ranging from technical climbs to less challenging treks, making it a popular destination for both experienced climbers and adventurous hikers.

Mount Sabalan, with an elevation of 4,811 meters (15,784 feet), is distinctive for its permanent crater lake at the summit, which is one of the highest lakes of its kind in the world. The mountain is also a cultural and spiritual symbol in the region, with historical significance that includes legends and religious importance.

Takht-e Soleyman, reaching 4,640 meters (15,223 feet), offers diverse terrains that provide a somewhat challenging climb. Known for its stunning panoramic views and historical significance linked to Zoroastrianism, climbers can expect a mix of spiritual awe and physical challenge.

Qolleh Hazar, standing around 4,500 meters (14,764 feet) tall, is relatively accessible compared to Iran’s other high peaks. Located in central Iran, it’s less frequented by tourists, offering a more secluded and intimate climbing experience. However, its remote location does require careful planning regarding transportation and supplies.

The best time to climb these peaks is during the summer, from June to September when the weather is most stable, and the risk of severe cold and storms is minimized. This season provides clearer paths and generally safer conditions for climbers.

Frequently Asked Questions: The Highest Peaks in Iran

What you will read in this article:

Damavand; the highest peak in Iran and the Middle East

Damavand, the highest peak in Iran and the Middle East is one of those special mountains that plays an important role not only in Iran’s geography but also in its people’s culture. It is a mountain intertwined with many myths and is considered sacred to all Iranians. Damavand can be called the most famous mountain in Iran, it has also been registered as a national heritage site of Iran. Damavand is also the highest volcanic peak in Asia, and many climbers dream of ascending this unique peak. Damavand has an elevation of 5,610 meters and is estimated to be about 38,500 years old. If you are planning to climb Damavand, it’s good to know that this peak has four main ascent routes and seven shelters have been built on these routes. The cities of Damavand, Amol, and Tehran are the closest cities to the Damavand peak.

Alam-Kuh; the second-highest peak in Iran

Alam-Kuh, with an elevation of 4,850 meters, is the second-highest peak in Iran. Alam-Kuh has four ascent routes, and for climbing from some of Alam-Kuh’s routes, you must be very professional and skilled in rock and cliff climbing. This is because this mountain is technically the most challenging in Iran and holds a global position similar to K2 in Pakistan. The southern face route is the easiest, and the northern face route with a wall length of 650 meters is the most challenging ascent to the peak. Kelardasht in Mazandaran, Parachan, and Taleghan are the closest towns to Alam-Kuh.

Sabalan, the Third Highest Peak in Iran

Sabalan is located in the Ardabil province and, standing at 4,850 meters, is the third-highest peak in Iran. The foothills of this mountain attract many tourists due to the presence of natural hot springs. In the summers, it’s sought after for its beautiful nature and nomadic tribes, and in winter, it’s renowned for the Alvares ski slope.

There are three routes to ascend this peak. The northeastern route is the most common, and during the warm months, you can climb to the summit in just a few hours using this path. If you reach the peak, seeing a beautiful lake atop the mountain will make your ascent even more memorable. Ardabil and Meshgin Shahr are the closest cities to Sabalan.

Takht-e Soleyman, One of the Highest Peaks in Iran

Takht-e Soleyman Peak is located in the Mazandaran province. Interestingly, there’s also a peak with the same name in the Baluchistan region of Pakistan. The Takht-e Soleyman Peak in Iran, with an elevation of 4,659 meters, is one of the highest peaks in Iran, and many climbers choose this peak for ascent. In the Alam-Kuh and Takht-e Soleyman areas, three shelters have been built, but two of them are practically unusable in winter due to the volume of snow.

Since Takht-e Soleyman Peak is connected to the surrounding mountains, there are many ways to ascend it, which are primarily categorized into three main routes: southern, northern, and western. Kelardasht is the closest city to the Takht-e Soleyman Peak.

Qolleh Hazar, A Peak in Central Iran's Mountains

Qolleh Hazar is the highest peak in Kerman, with an estimated elevation of 4,501 meters. This mountain is the fourth largest in Iran and is considered the highest peak in the south of the country. The nature of Mount Hazar is unique, and it is named “Hazar” (meaning “thousand” in Persian) due to the thousand types of plants that form its vegetation. The main ascent route to the Qolleh Hazar peak is its northern face, starting from a hill overlooking the Zardrud waterfall. If you plan to climb this peak, it’s best to choose the month of Khordad (around June in the Gregorian calendar) for a safer and better ascent.

Bab Zangi village, the highest residential area in Iran, is also located in these mountains, and its inhabitants live there throughout the year. The city of Kerman is the best base for accessing this peak.