Iran's Fortresses: A Guide to the 10 Most Stunning Castles
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This castle, nestled in the heart of the dense forests of Gilan province, has now become a tourist attraction in the country. The route to reach this enduring fortress is about twenty kilometers from Fuman to the northeast. The castle covers an area of 2.6 hectares, its walls stretch for 1,500 meters, and there are 935 steps from the Rudkhan village to the court itself. Rudkhan Castle, also known as Hessami, was built during the Sassanid era and was renovated during the Seljuk period.
One of Iran’s unique and famous historical castles is Alamut Castle, also known among locals as “Hassan’s Castle.” The wall of this castle stretches for 120 meters, and its width varies between 10 to 35 meters in different parts. To the south of the Alamut mountain, a moat was dug to deter invaders, measuring 50 meters in length and 2 meters in width. During the Mongol invasion of Iran, the castle was set on fire by Hulagu Khan’s order and later used as a prison.
Falak-ol-Aflak Castle, One of the most enduring castles in Iran, stands atop a hill overlooking Khorramabad. You can spot this castle no matter where you look from within the city. The use of this castle was solely military and governmental, and it was constructed during the Sassanid era. Another name for this sturdy historical building is “the Twelve-Towered Castle.” A distinct architectural feature of this castle is the existence of various routes within its underground spaces.
Qiz Qalasi village, meaning “Maiden’s Castle,” is south of Ardabil. The construction of this castle dates back to ancient times, and today, remnants of it remain in the northwestern part of the village. There are many legends about Qiz Qalasi, one of which is about the people fleeing the city due to an invasion of snakes.
“Sab” means spring location, and due to the many springs in this region, the castle was named Sab. It’s also known as the country’s most beautiful and intact castle. The castle’s history dates back to before the Qajar era. In the castle’s central courtyard, a well has been dug into the rock to provide drinking water for its inhabitants. The tallest brick building in Sib Sawaran city is located about 50 kilometers from the city of Saravan.
Among the attractions of Shiraz, the Karim Khan Citadel is one of the most famous. This magnificent structure, located in the center of Shiraz, is a grand piece of architecture from the Zand era, constructed by Karim Khan Zand, known as Vakil al-Ra’aya, in 1761 AD (1180 AH lunar). The citadel was both the residence and the ruling place of Karim Khan, which is why it’s commonly known as the Karim Khan Citadel. The Karim Khan Citadel was listed as a national heritage of Iran in 1972 AD
This historical monument, located in Meybod, Yazd, is locally known as Narenj Castle. Entirely made of brick and mud, it stands atop a mud hill. Before Islam’s advent, the castle had a protective system, including a moat, fortress, and watchtowers, which were destroyed during the Pahlavi era when the road was constructed.
This castle is situated in one of the most beautiful landscapes of Iran. Babak Castle is perched atop a mountain at an altitude of 2300 meters in the Arasbaran forests. The castle is also known as the “Immortal Castle” or “Republic Castle” and is regarded as a national symbol. The reason for these names is due to the valiant defense by Babak Khorramdin against the Arab invaders. Access to this astonishing castle is still possible through some stairs, which have been partially damaged. Never miss the opportunity to visit the remarkable Babak Castle!